ANALISIS PENGARUH VARIASI TEMPERATUR PREHEAT PADA PENGELASAN GTAW ALUMINIUM 6061 TERHADAP SIFAT MEKANIK DAN STRUKTUR MIKRO
Aluminum 6061 is included in the heat treatable aluminum alloy, during the welding
process deformation, cracks, porosity or other welding defects will usually occur which results in a
change in the metallurgical composition of the aluminum material resulting in reduced material
strength. In this research the variations used are non preheat, preheat 80°C and preheat 120°C. The
results of the tensile test with the highest tensile strength value of 189.08 MPa at 120°C preheat
variation, then the presence of higher preheat can increase the tensile strength of the material. Micro
test results show that the higher the preheat temperature will cause the precipitate to be dispersed,
thereby reducing the precipitate content which can affect the mechanical properties of the material.
The results of the hardness test, the higher the preheat temperature, the lower the hardness of the
material, this can also be seen from the differences in the shape of the microstructure. However, in the
welding process with 80°C and 120°C preheat, it was seen that the hardness value in the weld metal
increased beyond the hardness in the base metal area which could be caused by a hardening of the
precipitate. The highest hardness test result was 67.68 HV on the non-preheat base metal and the lowest
hardness was 56.17 HV on the preheat base metal at 120°C.