Pengaruh Penambahan Blade pada Intake Valve untuk Optimasi Swirl pada Diesel dengan Simulasi CFD
Because of the importance of limiting exhaust emissions in the future and looking for more
environmentally friendly fuels, the design of combustion engine is continuously improve the combustion process
which aims to reduce fuel consumption and engine exhaust emissions. Swirl is a turbulent air flow pattern
during the suction process which affects the process of mixing and combustion process. This research uses
Computional Fluid Dynamic method. There are 9 models of variations in this study, by adding a blade to the
intake valve head with a slope angle of 90°, 60°, 30° and the number of blade 2, 3, 4 with a configuration of
180°, 120°,90°. The variation of model is used to examine changes in fluid characteristics (velocity,
temperature, and pressure) flowing through the variation model and the effect of changes in the swirl ratio
value on each intake valve model that affects the combustion process. From the results of the study, the model
of the addition of the blade obtained includes models 90M2, 90M3, 90M4, 60M2, 60M3, 60M4, 30M2, 30M3
and 30M4. The decrease in velocity was found in the 30M4 model which has 10.668 m/s, 6.723 m/s, and 5.91
m/s. The air temperature in the largest increase on 30M4 model, was 300.004 K, 300.055 K, and 300.053 K.
The highest air pressure increase was on the 30M4 model which was 99,100 Pa, 99,138 Pa, and 99,144 Pa.
The lowest swirl ratio decrease is found on the 60M4 model, which is 0.1 and the highest swirl ratio is obtained
from the variation model which is 0.29 which is found in the 90M3 and 30M4 models.