Perancangan Desain Tabung Oksigen Hiperbarik untuk Terapi Penyakit Diabetes Mellitus

  • Dio Desnawan Prakoso Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • George Endri Kusuma Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
  • Budi Prasojo Politeknik Perkapalan Negeri Surabaya
Keywords: ASME, chamber, diabetes mellitus, pressure vessel, hyperbaric oxygen therapy


Abstract - Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the health problems that have an impact on the productivity of human resources. In the condition of Diabetes, insulin is not able to work optimally to transport sugar in the blood to body cells, so that sugar is trapped in the bloodstream. One way to treat DM disease is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (TOHB). However, the availability of TOHB Tubes is still limited because the existing products are intended to treat decompression diseases in divers with 3-6 ATA pressure capability. While for DM therapy, it is enough only 1.3 ATA. Therefore, this study designed the TOHB tube design with specific abilities for the treatment of DM disease. Calculations are done manually by using ASME VIII division 1 code. Furthermore, the results obtained are compared with the simulation results from elite PV software. All methods, both manual calculation and software simulation, provide valid results. The TOHB tube which is designed has a cylindrical shape and a torispherical head at both tip. Based on the results of calculations that have been done, SA-182 F304 stainless steel material is declared safe to be applied to 0.24 inch or 6 mm thick in the head and shell parts. By adding one 0.24 inch (6 mm) thick stiffening ring to the center of the shell to counteract the external pressure. Nozzles with ¾ inch pipe sizes can be applied to counter existing design loads.